Monday, July 1, 2013

Photo book: "An Afropean Odyssey" - A Black European Travel Narrative

@Photo by Johny Pitts
I left London on a gloomy afternoon in October to travel Europe for five months, searching for the interplay between Black and European cultures, writes Afropean British writer, photographer and TV host Johny Pitts on his website The Afropean

The vibe of the Heesterveld Creative Community in Amsterdam Bijlmer

Less than five years ago the housing complex Heesterveld was a no-go area in the predominantly Black neighbourhood in Amsterdam Bijlmer. A lot of (youth) crime, pollution and nuisance had set the complex up for demolition, but a creative urban development plan changed the neighbourhood completely.

Sunday, June 30, 2013

Meet Black British 'Afropolitan' writers of Granta list 2013

Photo: Taiye Selasi
In 1983, Granta magazine's list of the 20 most promising young British novelists under 40 predicted the authors who would dominate British fiction over the years to come. A decade late the exercise was repeated and in 2003 the list included Zadi Smith. This year the list includes tree promising black British writers: Taiye Selasi, Nadifa Mohamed and Helen-Oyeyemi.

Video: StereoTypes Paris - French African vs. African American?

What's it like to be a black person in France? What's the immigrant experience for people of African descent? StereoTypes host Ryan Hall hits the streets of Paris to find out.

Video: Black British conductor appointed at leading German orchestra

British conductor Wayne Marshall was thrilled to accept the new position: “I am honoured and delighted to be the next Chief Conductor of the WDR Rundfunkorchester. It’s a fantastic opportunity to work so closely with this wonderfully versatile group of musicians and I look forward enormously to building the partnership. I relish working on the eclectic range of repertoire for which WDR Rundfunkorchester is so well known and to sharing the music-making with the widest possible audience.”

Sunday, June 23, 2013

Short films: struggling sisters in "Our Rhineland" and Black disillusion in Notting Hill

How does it feel being Black/mixed race in Germany during the Third Reich period in 1937 when you have to fight against forced sterilisation by the Nazis? How does feel being Black in London's Notting Hill in 1958 when you feel British, but have to cope with racial tension, violence and isolation. These are the topics of the award wining American short film "Our Rhineland" and the British short film "Sorry We don't help Darkies”. Two great short films about the Black experience in Europe

Saturday, June 22, 2013

Video: Spanish Concha Buika's new album, World tour and Cómo era

Afro-Spanish singer and Grammy Award winner Concha Buika released her new album La Noche Más Larga (The Longest Night) on the 4th of June. The singer is now on a World tour to promote her new album and will be visiting several European countries from July till November. In the video the single Cómo era (As it was).

Tuesday, June 4, 2013

Whose Liberté, Égalité and Fraternité? Black in France Today

In 2007 French artist Alexis Peskine voiced his anger in his exhibition "The French Evolution: Race, Politics & the 2005 Riots”  at the Museum of contempory African Diasporan Arts in the US.  But has anything changed after the riots?

The migration of Black people from the Caribbean to Europe

The Windrush generation in Britain
Between the 1950ties and 70ties many black people from the former Caribbean colonies of Britain and the Netherlands and from the overseas territories of France moved to Europe. They thought they were part  of the 'motherland', but they soon found out the reality in Europe was different.  

Magazine: TRANSITION 111 - "New Narratives of Haiti"

 The day when Haitians as a people and Haiti as a symbol  are no longer representatives of or synonymous with poverty, backwardness, and evil is still yet to come.

-Gina Athena Ulysse, "Why Haiti Needs New Narratives Now
More than Ever"
Issue 111, "New Narratives of Haiti," is a step toward answering Ulysse's call. To this end, Guest Editors Laurent Dubois and Kaiama L. Glover have invited contributors to think about the world in ways that place Haiti at its center. Thought pieces by Madison Smartt Bell, Jonathan Katz, Gina Athena Ulysse and others, as well as translations of Frankétienne, Lyonel Trouillot, and Michel-Rolph Trouillot, dispel trenchant clichés that have long plagued representations of Haiti in literature and scholarship.

Dutch black people: My celebration of 150th anniversary abolition of slavery

@Johan Gerrits. In the middle the door of no Return - Cape Coast castle
"The door of no return" is a classic image of the Atlantic slave trade. Somewhere between the 16th and 18th century my ancestors walked on a path like this and never returned back to Africa.  On the 1st of July The Netherlands will celebrate the 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the Dutch colony of Suriname and the Dutch Caribbean in 1863. But somehow it seems like yesterday.  

Saturday, June 1, 2013

Exposition: French visual artist Alexis Peskine “Rising above France” in Paris

If you are in Paris check out the work of Franco-Brazilian visual artist Alexis Peskine from May 21st to June 21st 2013, at GALERIE BE-ESPACE, 57, rue Amelot. 75011 Paris. His main themes in his work are race and identity issues.

Video: Ty - "Let's Start"

UK emcee/producer Ty released his high energy new video “Let’s Start”. Video directed by Alex Winn.  This single will appear on Kick Snare And An Idea Pt. 2, which drops June 10th via Tru Thoughts. The dancer is Teneisha Bonner.

Video: Black Portraiture[s]: The Black Body in the West (France)

A French video report of the conference Black Portraiture[s]: The Black Body in the West which was held January 17-20, 2013 in Paris France.

How the black body has been imagined in the West has always been a rich site for global examination and contestation. The representation and depiction of black peoples often has been governed by prevailing attitudes about race and sexuality.

Friday, May 31, 2013

Video: TV Interview Jennifer Tosch of Black Heritage Amsterdam tour

@Het Parool - Jennifer Tosh
Jennifer Tosch is a Surinamese-American who founded the successful Black Heritage Amsterdam Tour in The Netherlands, a tour trough the city which the contributions of the African Diaspora to Dutch society from the 16th century to the present.   In an interview with Dutch Amsterdam City Channel AT5 she tells about her search for her own identity. Reporter Clarice Gargard visits her at home. 

Is jumping the broom a black American tradition?

African-Americans jump over a broom if they get married, at least that is my Afro-European perception. But is jumping the broom a black appropriation of a white custom?  Blogger Azizi Powell of the blog Pancocojams explains the tradition.

Video: Emergence of the underground UK Black radio scene

A Wolverhampton Disco, England, 1978. Photo by Chris Steele- Perkins
The book  "Masters of the Airwaves: The Rise & Rise of Underground Radio" and the video tells the story of the birth of black music radio in Britain in the seventies. It starts out with a few black music shows on legal radio, leading on to the black music pirate radio boom, and culminating with legal, black music radio stations.

Thursday, May 30, 2013

Black Irish singer Laura Izibor shows Dublin

Irish singer–songwriter Laura Isibor shows us Dublin. She tells how difficult it was growing up in Ireland feelings as the only Black person,  but Ireland has changed.

Video: Conversation with Black British architect David Adjaye

David Adjaye - courtesy Adjaye Associates
In conversation with David Adjaye. The renowned architect who is in the business of building history. In the  interview he talks about the African American Smithsonian museum, role models and stereotypes. 

Germans in the Caribbean? The history of Germans, slaves and Suriname

Franziska Christine von Pfalz-Sulzbach  and her Surinamese slave Ignatius Fortuna
Badenstein, Berlijn and Halle in Saxen sound like the names of German Cities. And names as Duttenhofer, Krieger and Kuhn sound like German family names.  But these name were also the names of slave plantations and are also family names of black people in Suriname.

Tuesday, May 28, 2013

Video: Chéri Samba illustrates Paris for the Louis Vuitton Travel Books 2013

The Fashion House of Louis Vuitton has launched the Louis Vuitton Travel Books on the 2nd of May covering London, New York, Paris and Easter Island. Each book has been illustrated by a well know international artist.

Video: The documentary 'Hope in my heart' of Afro-German poet May Ayim

Hoffnung im Herz (1997) is a documentary of Maria Binder about the life of Poet, activst an educator May Ayim (1960 - 1996). In the documentary which is in English and in German she talk about her life and her experience with racism in Germany. For those who don't speak German, I've translated a few parts.

Video: Dutch singer Ntjam Rosie - "Love is Calling"

Ntjam Rosie's song "Love is Calling", which was released in February, is the first single from her album "At The Back Of Beyond'.

Video: Spanish rapper El Chojin - Ven, Ven

Spanish rapper Chojin is known for the social commentary of his lyrics, his solo disc Mi turno being perhaps his most "radical" work. He avoids coarse language in his music, and his raps also frequently espouse non-violence, anti-racism, and warn of the dangers of drugs and alcohol.

Black German Photo book "Daima" to be published October 2013

“Daima” is a collection of selected black and white photographic portraits of inspiring Black women who live and work in Germany. From intimate representations of two ladies confiding in each other, through lively group pictures of sistahs together, to beautiful individual portraits: this book captures their interactions in a variety of settings. Afro-German photographer Nzitu Mawakha presents a unique collection of striking images and combines these with texts, where the women portrayed focus their gaze on the reader-viewer and where the women portrayed are the one to ask the questions.

Wanewake is the third publication in the English language book series "Witnessed".

Are There Black People In Italy? + (In)visible Cities

When a 20-year-old PR from London asked Afro-Italian journalist and photograper Balobeshayi whether there are Black people in Italy, she wrote on her blog,  "I killed the first shocked and almost offended reaction I was going to serve her and answered with a rather surprised “Yes.” The girl, who was trying to get me and my friends a deal for a club in Piccadilly Circus, was as stunned as I was. And she explained she was afraid to go to Italy because she thought she would have been the only Black person there.

Italy launches investigation into racist slurs against first black minister

The Italian government ordered an investigation yesterday into slurs on right-wing websites against the country's first black minister – a case that has put Italy's racial problems back in the spotlight.

Monday, May 27, 2013

Nigerian-German singer Ayo sings "Africa" and "Life is real" in Olympia in Paris

Singer-songwriter Ayo life in Paris in 2007. The entire history of the continent passes by in her song, from slavery, Biafria to Mandela. Great singer.

Check the full concert Ayo - Live At The Olympia 2007

Black in Portugal - Nuno Santos and his music of resistance

Nuno Santos (aka Chullage) is a second generation Cape Verdean living in Portugal. Half of his fellow Cape Verdeans in Lisbon don’t have official documents and live without basic human rights. Nuno writes blistering protest songs about being an immigrant in Europe, and his outspokenness has made him a target for right-wing attacks.

Video: Interviews with immigrants in Portugal

Interviews with immigrants in Portugal about how they are treated in Portugal. The video is part of MIPEX III (Migrant Integration Policy Index III - 2011): This project, led by the British Council and the Migration Policy Group, evaluates and compares since 2004, immigration policies in force in 31 countries.

Black European victims who became symbols in fight against racism

From left to right, Kerwin Duinmijer (Netherlands), Stephan Lawrence (UK), Alberto Adriano (Germany)
Racially motivated crimes against black people and people of colour in Europe is still a problem. Some of these incidents briefly make the headlines and cause a public out cry, but often these incidents are not even documented as racist violence. But in some cases victims of racist violence become symbols in the fight against racism.

Sunday, May 26, 2013

A Black American walks through Black Amsterdam: The Bijlmer

Black American travel writer and filmmaker Diana O’Gilvie ignored the travel advice and went down into the Black neighborhood in Amsterdam.

“Don’t go to the Bjilmer,” was the general consensus among folks I asked about this predominantly Black neighborhood in Amsterdam.

“Make sure you hold your purse” cautioned my taxi driver on our way from the airport to my hotel.  While I appreciated her advice, I grew up in Kingston and lived in Brooklyn for sixteen years, so visiting Amsterdam’s proverbial ghetto wasn’t a stretch for me. I took the #54 train from Centraal Station in the heart of the historic district.

Afro-Europeans talk about their experiences in Germany and The Netherlands

Ian Ogutu from Germany and Furaha Kensmil from The Netherlands have something to say about life in Europe. In an interview with The German based African Magazine African Courier student Ian Ogutu talks about the challenges facing African and black students in Germany. And in a personal story Furaha writes about why she feels like a foreigner in The Netherlands. Furaha's story (picture at the top right corner) was published in a special edition on Afro-Europeans.

Video: The portrayal of black people in Dutch television advertising

How are black people portrayed in TV commercials in the Netherlands?  In a new TV commercial for  chocolate pasta Duo Penotti (brown and white) the old stereotypical image flashes by, a little black boy playing drums in a lion suit and a little white girl playing piano in a ballet dress. It’s the colonial image of the uncivilized versus the civilized.

Moving towards the end of Afro-Europe Blog

After more than 4 year of blogging it's time to stop. But the blog will of course be available and I will keep moderating the blog until it's no longer needed, so the blog will stay open for comments.

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

Video: "Yes I am" - Afro-German musicians fighting racism

A movie about black German musicians: they live in two different worlds. After a black man is beaten to death by a right-wing extremist teenager, they come together and found the musical group "Brothers Keepers". The musician fights with her voice..

Monday, February 18, 2013

Dutch black children are selected to play Black Pete? Zwarte Piet - The Documentary

Dutch  (white) boys and girls playing Zwarte Piet
Kickstarter: African American curator Shantrelle P. Lewis is fundraising for a film about the blackface tradition of Zwarte Piet in The Netherlands. But what is Lewis trying proof? Will she present an interesting perspective, or just an old cliche? And should you support this?

Sunday, February 17, 2013

French author Marie NDiaye is a finalist for the 2013 International Booker Prize

Marie NDiaye par Nicolas Hidiroglou, Paris
Author Marie NDiaye, who is the first black woman to win France's Prix Goncourt, has been named a finalist for the Man Booker International Prize. She is nominated alongside such international superstars as Lydia Davis, Marilynne Robinson, and Peter Stamm, as well as past winners like Philip Roth, Alice Munro, and Chinua Achebe.

Video: Black European music (men) - Black History Month special

Last week for Black History Month, the chart-topping Afro-European female singers. This week the male singers who have made their mark nationally and sometimes internationally. Eddy Grant from the UK with Electric Avenue  of 1983 is the first in the compilation.

Saturday, February 16, 2013

REPORT: Black Portraiture[s]: The Black body in the west (Paris)

Photo by Terrence Jennings
 A month ago the highly anticipated conference Black Portraiture[s]: The Black body in the west was held in Paris, France on 17–20 January 2013.  "A conference for the history books," wrote Michelle Joan Wilkinson in ARC Magazine.

NEW: TRANSITION 110 - Black poetry and more

Fais Do-Do -Spring 2013: We are thrilled to feature a suite of Black poetry in this issue of Transition, along with photographers, artists, architects, and writers who catalogue the textures and colors of Africa and the African American experience.

History imprints itself upon the poetry and art featured in Transition 110 and also the prose: Diane McWhorter returns to Birmingham, Alabama and finds that the virulent politics of discrimination continues to flare in the streets of Birmingham-not only in the black community but also among immigrants. Ed Pavlić looks at race and gentrification in San Francisco through two films; and David Adjaye talks about art and architecture, saying "the generative roots of architecture indicate that it is the support, the frame, for bodily rituals. And ritual is how architecture is birthed."

Friday, February 15, 2013

Video: Africa - States of independence - the scramble for Africa

Yinka Shonibare - The scramble of Africa
Black History Month - This is a must see documentary about the impact of colonialism on Africa.

Saturday, February 9, 2013

Video: Debate on being Black in Canadian culture

A great video on Being Black in Canadian Culture. The invited guests talk about the comparison between the African-American and the Black Canadian experience, why some young people don't like Black History Month and about the pros and cons of Tyler Perry.

Video: Black European music (women) - Black History Month special

Because it's Black History Month a special Black History compilation of chart-topping Afro-European (or Black European) female singers, who made their mark nationally and internationally. Next week the men. Best way to start is with a video of Sade - Nothing Can Come Between Us (UK) of 1988. The band's first hit single was "Your Love Is King" from the debut album, Diamond Life (1984).

Tuesday, February 5, 2013

Video: Paris Black Night - A musical voyage

The film Paris Black Night (1990) takes you to the black night life of Paris in the Nineties. A film of French director Benny Malapa and co produced with Yves Billon. It's in French and not subtitled, but it's about music, dance and clubs, so if you don't speak French it's not a problem because you will feel the vibe anyway. 

Monday, February 4, 2013

TALK: Dutch artist Remy Jungerman on connecting Afro-religion and art

During the conversation Surinamese-Dutch Artist Remy Jungerman will talk on 10 February about how is work is influenced by Afro-religious esthetics. Jungerman is an independent fine artists and curator who lives and works in Amsterdam, he is considered one of the influential black fine artists in the Netherlands.

Saturday, February 2, 2013

Video: Black History Month USA 2013 - A special celebration

Photo: Black American family after the Emancipation
For Black History Month in the US this a very special year. This year it's 150 years ago American President Lincoln issued the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation. This document changed America, ended slavery and gave African-Americans hope for equality. And this year it's 50 years ago Martin Luther King delivered his famous "I Have A Dream" speech in the famous March on Washington in 1963.

Thursday, January 31, 2013

New blog: Black Stories From Spain

I forgot to write a post about this blog, but better late than never. 

Intro: "In this blog I will be talking about what is like to grow and live in this country as an Afrospanish nowadays. Let me introduce myself. I’m a journalist,  a 24-years-old university student (still) whispering from Spain, where I grew up. I did not come to life here, though, as my mun was in centre Africa in those sunny

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Black Heritage Amsterdam Tours

The Black Heritage Amsterdam Tour informs, inspires and educates, whether you are a descendant of former enslaved, an educator, or a visitor who is interested in learning more about the contributions of the African Diaspora to Dutch society from the 16th century to the present. 

Sunday, January 27, 2013

Black Brazilian women protest against racist hair ad

Hair product Cadiveu Brasil launched a controversial campaign were various white people were photographed using huge afro wigs and holding a sign that says “eu preciso de Cadiveu (I need Cadiveu)”. Check the whole story at 

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

Hans Massaquoi - Ebony editor who grew up black in Nazi Germany dies

Ebony — Hans Massaquoi, the former managing editor of Ebony magazine who wrote the  distinctive memoir "Destined to Witness: Growing up Black in Nazi Germany", has died. 

Monday, January 21, 2013

Michelle Obama attends abolition of slavery commemoration in Amsterdam?

Amsterdam Mayor Eberhard van der Laan has sent an invitation to the First Lady of the United States to come to Amsterdam and speech during the ceremony of the 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery, according to Het Parool.   

Sunday, January 20, 2013

Video: "Ebony Towers" - Black academia versus authentic street black in US and UK

Photo: Black American academic Cornel West
"You can can get more love and consideration in black culture by going out of prison and being a recent ex convict than you can by getting a master's degree," says African-American academic Eric Dyson in the BBC documentary "Ebony Towers: The New Black Intelligentsia" by David Olusoga. A documentary which compares the state of black academia in the US and the UK and its relationship with the young urban Hip Hop generation. Update: According to AfricansArise, who uploaded the documentary in 2009, the documentary was actually produced in around 2003-2004, hence the lack of Obama.

Saturday, January 19, 2013

Video: UK singer Laura Mvula - "Green Garden"

London singer songwriter Laura Mvula has debuted her new video, "Green Garden". The single is taken from her forthcoming album, "Sing To The Moon".

Friday, January 18, 2013

Video: Documentary "Black Russians - The Red Experience"

Shadow and act profiled the documentary "Black Russians - The Red Experience". A story of the lives and experiences of the black Americans who went to the Soviet Union during the Stalinist era in search of an ideal life. Escaping from racism and the Great Depression, they dove into new lives, having “nothing to lose” and no reason to turn back. Did they find what they were looking for? Their descendants who live in Russia and America today will share a story of their ancestors as well as their own.

The subjects include Wayland Rudd Jr., a Moscow-based singer and the son of an African-American actor who moved to the Soviet Union in the 1930s, and Russian TV personality Yelena Khanga, granddaughter of a Mississippi cotton farmer and a Polish-Jewish American woman who relocated to then Soviet Uzbekistan, the cradle of the country’s cotton industry, around the same time.  See video below.

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Video: Protest against removal of Black British heroes from school National Curriculum

Over 40 leading British trade unionists and personalities want the Education Secretary to rethink his proposals to axe Crimean war heroine Mary Seacole and abolitionist Olaudah Equiano as required study in UK schools.

Sunday, January 13, 2013

Book: "The Black Russian" - The story of Frederick Bruce Thomas

The Black Russian is the incredible story of black American Frederick Bruce Thomas, born in 1872 to former slaves who became prosperous farmers in Mississippi.  A rich white planter’s attempt to steal their land forced them to flee to Memphis, where Frederick’s father was brutally murdered.

After leaving the South and working as a waiter and valet in Chicago and Brooklyn, Frederick sought greater freedom in London, then crisscrossed Europe, and—in a highly unusual choice for a black American at the time—went to Russia in 1899.  Because he found no color line there, Frederick made Moscow his home. He renamed himself Fyodor Fyodorovich Tomas, married twice, acquired a mistress, and took Russian citizenship.

16th-Century painting hints at ties between Blacks and Jews

Blacks and Jews: Jewish police officers haul away a black man in this anonymous depiction of a Lisbon street scene
According to the Jewish Daily Forward,  both groups lived near gritty Portugal port in 16th Century. In the painting "Netherlandish" Blacks and Jews are depicted in a 16th century urban scene. 

Video: Esperanza Spalding - I know You know (Live) - Nobel concert

It was great that Esperanza Spalding did a benefit concert for Free the Slaves last year.

Saturday, January 12, 2013

MY 2012: Black children inspired by brothers and sisters in Renaissance Europe

It's my picture of 2012, the drawing "Renaissance City" by Harlem Part Elementary/Middle School Students in US.  They made the drawing after a visit from a museum educator, who introduced them to work of the exhibition Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe of the Walter Art Museum. Students were asked to bring the portraits to life and give them a voice.

Friday, January 11, 2013

Video: Afro Diasporic French Identities

Via Mahogany
The documentary "Afro Diasporic French Identities" of Afro French writer and professor Nathalie Etoke is the result of a research project she began in 2010 in which she studied the relationship between race and citizenship in the specifically French sociopolitical context. She interviewed writers, artists, professors and community organisers who investigate the issue of race and identity in France.

Thursday, January 10, 2013

DEBATE: "I AM BLACK" - Dutch artists on criticising art from an Afro-European perspective

After the debate 'Am I Black Enough for You?' Dutch artists will explore a new theme in the debate ‘Am I Black'. Main theme: Is there space in the Netherlands and on the European continent in general, to make local ethnic issues part of the local art discourse on the basis of issues coming from the Black community? And, in this way establish an Afro-European thinking about art that could be part of the general art policies.

Tuesday, January 8, 2013

Exhibition: Design in Africa - At the museum Dapper in Paris

Design in Africa reveals a world primarily concerned with objects that are used as supports for the human body. Their conception bears witness to creativity getting to grips with the attitudes, movements and forms of decoration. A dialogue between form and function results in objects that may be either comfortable or prestigious.

Beyond boundaries of time and geography, objects undergo transformations: stools or headrests that can take several days of labour to produce, because of the different stages involved in carving the wood and inscribing decorative patterns, are now often replaced by contemporary furniture.

Museum Dapper is an artistic and cultural place for Africa, the Caribbean and their diaspora. Date 10 October 2012 - 14 July 2013 at the Museum Dapper in Paris France. Website:

Monday, January 7, 2013

Video: Tutu’s Children - A new generation of African leaders in Al Jazeera series

The four special documentaries will follow the exploits of participants in the leadership programme Desmond Tutu leads, which attempts to build a new network of African leaders who are together committed to tackling their countries' most stubborn problems.

Thursday, January 3, 2013

REVIEW: The Black Count: a real-life action hero in France

By Anouska Kock

Who doesn’t know Alexandre Dumas? Yes, I’m talking about the French guy who wrote such famous novels as ‘The Count of Monte Cristo’ and ‘The Three Musketeers’. You may also know that Dumas is of African descent.  Well, get this: Alexandre apparently based his stories on the life of his father: Thomas-Alexandre Dumas. Yep, that’s right. The real Count of Monte Cristo is a black fellow (or partly black fellow, to be precise – Alexandre’s old man was a mulatto).

It just so happens, that Thomas-Alexandre Dumas was a swashbuckling general during the French revolution. He rose to great fame, but then experienced a political downfall which eventually caused him to spend years in a dungeon and die in obscurity.

Wednesday, January 2, 2013

Images of Blacks in the Middle Ages in The Netherlands

Via Black Germans
In 'Things Aren’t Simple: the Black King in Manuscripts', Dutch Art Historian and curator Ester Schreuders writes about the first black figures in the art of the Low Countries, or Netherlands, figures which are especially found in miniatures, illuminations and illustrations from the late Middle Ages – the Gothic period – and the early Renaissance.  Check out her blog at

Tuesday, January 1, 2013

Happy New Year!

Happy new year, bonne année, ein glückliches neues jahr, feliz año nuevo, feliz ano novo, felice anno nuovo, gott nytt år, godt nytår, godt nyttår, С Новым Годом, szczęśliwego nowego roku, sťastný nový rok en gelukkig nieuwjaar!
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