|Photo: Black American family after the Emancipation|
Because in Europe our knowledge of Black America is sometimes limited to what we see on TV, a few videos to remind us why Black Americans celebrate Black History Month, but also why some people are against it.
Black History is celebrated on February on because it marked the birthday of both Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass.
On January 1, 1863, as America entered its third year of civil war, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.”
Despite this expansive wording, the Emancipation Proclamation was limited in many ways. It applied only to states that had seceded from the Union, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal border states. It exempted many parts of the Confederacy that had already come under Union control. Most importantly, the freedom it promised depended upon Union military victory. Read the full story at http://foundationnationalarchives.org/EP150/
Annette Gordon-Reed of Harvard University about the importance of the Emancipation Proclamation
Exhibition of pictures of African-Americans after the Emancipation
I have a dream
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place on August 28th, 1963 in Washington D.C. More than 200,000 demonstrators took part in the walk. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his ‘‘I Have a Dream’’ speech from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, noting that the Emancipation Proclamation gave hope to black slaves. The following year Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as a concrete step towards fulfilling the promise of the Emancipation Proclamation.
Speeches and Criticism
Black History Month in London: Attallah, the daughter of Dr. Betty Shabazz and Malcom X. Great speech!
An interesting lecture of Dr. Cornel West on BHM
But there is some criticism: End Black History Month
And Still I Rise
Maya Angelou and the poem "And Still I Rise" - published in Angelou's poem collection titled And Still I Rise in 1978
Barack Obama Video - "Still I Rise" by Yolanda Adams
Other Black History celebrations
UK - celebrates BHM in October
Germany - celebrates BHM in February
The Netherlands - doesn't have an official BHM, but there are events organised in February
France - also doesn't have an official BHM, but there are events organised in February
Brazil - celebrates Black Awareness Month in November